Guest Bloggers Posts is when a Guest Blogger posts on Adshayah’s Blog. Today, I am pleased to announce Montairyus, a fantasy writing blog. Montairyus was created by a home-schooled high school student.“Making a positive impact in the world. He intend to do this is by writing, hoping his words will have some influence on people to help change their lives for the better” Be sure to check out his fantasy world after reading this post.
What is philosophy? What is philosophy’s actual meaning? Philosophy means “love of wisdom”. This is a straightforward definition; it generally describes philosophy. But the definition only makes sense if we know what “wisdom” is. Wisdom is being able to know or judge what is right and wrong, what is true and false. According to Aristotle, wisdom is the quest to see everything through one unified principle. That unified principle would have to be something that’s universal and necessary; necessary meaning it cannot be otherwise. When wisdom applies to things like what is right or wrong, true or false, it means that there is only truth. For example, if you are faced with a situation in which you have to make a decision, and you are wondering which decision would be the best for you, there is only one choice that is moral, and that the moral choice is the truth.
We see that wisdom is a little different than “knowledge”. Knowledge is related to facts and logic discovered via investigation. People might say that an old man possesses great wisdom, and this is because, through his years of experience, he has been able to learn what is right and wrong, what is true and false, under one view.
Wisdom isn’t something that someone is born with. Wisdom has to come from somewhere; it can be learned through experience, or it can be given. Someone can be inspired by another person’s wisdom. Someone can teach a person right from wrong, or the truth about good in a situation, and then that person can give it to someone else.
Philosophy is known for something like “the study of big-questions”. And this is true; philosophy is about asking and trying to find answers to big questions. Philosophers often study the field of ethics and good; after all, what questions are bigger, or at least more important, than those that concern ethics and good?
If philosophy concerns wisdom, and wisdom concerns morality, then we should take some time to study morality. According to wisdom, there is a truth. This means that some things are definitely right or wrong. Many people ignore this quality of wisdom; they choose to act as a relativist. Relativism is the mistaken belief that something that might be wrong for you is not wrong for me. There is nothing that is absolute. Relativism is, a lack of wisdom. If someone says, “It is okay for me to gossip about this person” and someone else says, “It is not okay for you to gossip about this person” relativism says that they can both be right, according to their own set of personal beliefs. But that is not wisdom; wisdom isn’t personal. Wisdom is “universal and necessary (it cannot be otherwise; it is definite”. Wisdom deals with the truth of a matter. There can only be one truth. Murder is wrong. No one would deny this; murder is wrong, and that’s the truth. If I were to disagree with this statement, would that mean it becomes untrue? Of course not. My own beliefs don’t change truth; it just means that, because of my beliefs, I don’t accept the truth.
It is either right or wrong to gossip about someone. It is either right or wrong to murder someone. It is either right or wrong to be impatient with a friend. It is either right or wrong to kiss someone you don’t love just because you enjoy it. It is either right or wrong to laugh at someone when they are feeling sad. It is either right or wrong to talk back to your parents. There is only one truth in regards to good in each of these situations. It applies to you and it applies to me. Truth isn’t about your personal beliefs; it is about one unified principle.
So be philosophers. Be wise. Strive for the truth. And ask important questions, with the hope of finding answers in their relation to the truth.